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成人高考高起专英语真题解析-词汇与语法(七)

发布时间:2019-08-12 11:41:20分类:最新动态阅读(

(七)倒装句

         【考点讲解

倒装句的用法如下

1. 如果谓语动词置于主语之前,就形成了倒装语序。(通俗的说话就是把陈述语序改成一般疑问句的语序)如果整个谓语动词全部放在主语前面叫全部装,如果仅功能词放在主语前面叫部分倒装。

2. 倒装的条件:

 在某些副词开头的惯用句中,比如:there be, there, here, then, up, down, so等词,如: Here comes a bus; I like playing piano, so does she. 

 句首有否定意义词的时候。比如hardly…whenneither…nornonono sooner…than,如: Nor do I know that anyone else knows the secret.

 在省略了if的虚拟条件句中。如: Had I been wearing a seat belt, I would not have been injured.意思是如果我系上了安全带我就不会受伤了

          【真题讲解

【例1____ at his model plane over the weekend, he didn’t complete it. 2008年)

A. As he worked hard     B. Hard as he worked    

C. How he worked hard   D. How hard he worked

答案  B

解析as引导让步状语从句的特殊句式,as he worked hard相当于although he worked hard

【例2Not until very late that afternoon___ the news that his daughter won the match.2005年)

A. did the father get       B. the father got   

C. the father did get       D. got the father

答案  A  

解析句首有否定意义词not until要倒装。

3So little ___ about European history that the lecture was quite beyond me .2004年)

A. did I know   B. I knew     C. do I know  D. I know  

答案  A

解析倒装句 so… that 句型中的so 位于句首时,需倒装。

 

                     

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